Passports & Citizenship
My children and/or I have both U.S. and Swedish passports. Can we travel to the United States with only our Swedish passports and enter on the Visa Waiver Program?
No. According to Section 215 of the U.S. Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1185), it is illegal for a U.S. citizen to enter or leave the U.S. on anything other than an U.S. passport. This applies to dual citizens as well, meaning that persons holding e.g. both Swedish and American citizenships and passports must enter and leave the U.S. on a U.S. passport. They may NOT enter/leave the U.S. on a Swedish passport. This applies to children as well as adults. There is no guarantee of entry to the United States without a valid U.S. passport. Airlines may also refuse to board a U.S. citizen on a U.S. flight if the U.S. citizen does not hold a valid U.S. passport.
My child was born in Sweden. How do I register my child as a U.S. citizen, and obtain a U.S. passport and Social Security number card?
Certain citizenship transmission requirements must be met by the U.S. citizen parent(s) before a child can be documented as a U.S. citizen. Please see "Reporting the Birth of a Child in Sweden" for further information.
What does "physical presence" mean, and why do I have to account for all periods of times I've spent in the U.S. in order to transmit citizenship to my child born in Sweden?
Physical presence in the U.S. should be interpreted as actual bodily presence on U.S. soil. Any time spent in the United States or its outlying possessions, even without maintaining a U.S. residence, may be counted toward the required physical presence to transmit citizenship to a child . Naturalized citizens may count any time they spent in the United States or its outlying possessions both before and after being naturalized, regardless of their status. Even citizens who, prior to lawful entry and naturalization, spent time in the United States illegally can include that time in their calculation.
The United States Congress wanted to ensure that a foreign-born U.S. citizen would grow up subject to American influences. With a long period of physical presence, Congress deemed that the citizen parent would have spent enough time in the United States to absorb American customs and values which, in turn, would be transmitted to the child.
I do not fulfill the physical presence requirements to transmit my U.S. citizenship to my child. My father/mother is a U.S. citizen - is there some other way my child could become a U.S. citizen?
Please see instructions for form N600-K on the U.S. Immigration and Citizenship Service website.
What is the processing time for a complete application for a U.S. passport, or a Report of Birth?
Processing time is approximately three weeks.
My passport is still valid, but its pages are all fully stamped. Could I have extra pages added to it or should I apply for a new passport? How long does it take?
Please see Extra Pages for detailed information on this topic. The fee to add visa pages to your passport is $82.00 or SEK 574. Processing time is approximately one week when mailing in the application, but it may be as short as one day if you submit your application in person and pick up the passport at the Embassy. Alternatively, if your passport expires in the next few months, you may consider applying for a new passport.
How soon should I renew my passport before it expires?
You may renew your passport any time before or after it expires. However, some countries require at least 6 months validity beyond your stay, so you may wish to renew your passport before it expires. Please contact the relevant foreign embassy/consulate for information. Also, please be aware that if your passport was issued 15 years or more prior to your application for a new passport you may require additional supporting documents and fees, and will also be required to apply in person. Please see "Passport Renewal" for further instructions.
My passport has already expired. I do not wish to get a new one. Can my passport be extended?
No. You must apply for a new passport. Please see "Passport Renewal" for further instructions.
Where can I obtain passport application forms?
All passport application forms and instructions can be found in under "Passport Renewal".
Do I submit my passport application to the passport offices in the United States?
No, you should submit your application to the U.S. Embassy in Stockholm. If you submit your application directly to the United States, you will delay processing of your application. Please see "Passport Renewal" for further instructions.
Do I need to submit my passport application in person or may I submit it by mail?
It depends on your situation. Please see "Passport Renewal" for further instructions. Please note that if you were under age 16 when your last U.S. passport was issued, you must apply in person, or if your passport was issued more than 15 years ago. Also, if your passport has been lost or stolen, or is damaged, you are required to apply in person.
Will the passport I have to submit with my application be returned to me? What happens to my Swedish residence permit and/or foreign visas in my old passport?
Yes, your old passport will be cancelled and returned to you with the new passport. You should turn to the Swedish Migration Board to get a new residence permit issued in your new passport. You may have to reapply for your foreign visas that are currently in your old passport. Please contact the relevant foreign embassy/consulate for information.
I lost/misplaced my passport. How do I get a new one?
Please see "Replacement of a Lost or Stolen Passport" for detailed information.
My passport was stolen. How do I get a new one?
Please see "Replacement of a Lost or Stolen Passport" for detailed information.
My passport has been damaged (by washing, or by extensive travel, etc.) How can I replace it? Can I apply for a new passport by mail?
A replacement application for a damaged passport should generally be submitted in person. Please see "Passport Renewal" for further instructions.
My current U.S. passport is not a machine-readable one, can I still use it to travel, or should I apply for a new machine-readable passport?
Visa requirements for some countries may be dependent on whether your passport is machine-readable or not. Contact the relevant foreign embassy or consulate for information. For travel to the United States, provided your passport is valid and in good condition at the time of entry to the United States, it does not matter whether your passport is machine-readable or not.
I want to apply for passports for my children. Do I have to bring them to the Embassy in Stockholm for their applications?
Children under the age of 16, or if their previous passports were issued when they were younger than 16 years of age, must apply in person. Please see "Passport Renewal" for further instructions.
What is the U.S. policy on dual nationality?
Current U.S. nationality laws do not explicitly address dual nationality, but the U.S. Supreme Court has stated that dual nationality is a "status long recognized in the law" and that "a person may have and exercise rights of nationality in two countries and be subject to the responsibilities of both."
Since July 1, 2001 Sweden allows dual citizenship. American citizens residing in Sweden who are interested in applying for Swedish citizenship should refer to our information on Dual Citizenship. Information on the application process for Swedish citizenship can be found on www.migrationsverket.se. (Swedish)
Can I request that my child's U.S. passport be revoked?
A U.S. passport can usually not be revoked solely at the request of a custodial parent. A U.S. passport may be revoked on the basis of sufficient evidence that the passport was erroneously issued, or that the bearer of the passport no longer is entitled to a passport.
I have reason to believe that my child's other parent may be trying to apply for a U.S. passport for my child. How can I prevent my child from obtaining a U.S. passport?
The Children's Passport Issuance Alert Program (CPIAP) is a service for the parents and legal guardians of minor children. It enables the Department of State's Office of Children's Issues to notify a parent or court ordered legal guardian, when requested, before issuing a U.S. passport for his or her child. The parent, legal guardian, legal representatives, or the court of competent jurisdiction must submit a written request for entry of a child's name into the program to the Department of State's Office of Children's Issues. For further information, please see the Office of Children's Issues website. This request can be submitted to the U.S. Embassy in Stockholm.
I’m a U.S. citizen; do I need to apply for travel authorization using the Electronic System for Travel Authorization (ESTA) prior to traveling to the U.S.?
The Electronic System for Travel Authorization (ESTA) does not apply to U.S. citizens. Only citizens of Visa Waiver Program countries (such as Sweden) must apply for travel authorization online prior to traveling to the U.S. (Full list of Visa Waiver Program countries. PDF 56.9 KB) Please note that according to Section 215 of the U.S. Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1185), it is illegal for an U.S. citizen to enter or leave the U.S. on any other document than an U.S. passport. This applies to dual citizens as well, meaning that persons holding e.g. both Swedish and American citizenships and passports must enter and leave the U.S. on a U.S. passport. They may not enter/leave the U.S. on a Swedish passport. This applies to children as well as adults.